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Camelid single domain antibodies (sdAbs) consist only of one antigen binding site of an Alpaca heavy chain antibody. With only ~15 kDa, these Tags are about 10-times smaller than conventional IgG antibody molecules.
|Cat. No. N0304-AF647-L||
200 µl specific antibody, lyophilized. Affinity purified with the immunogen. For reconstitution add 200 µl H2O. Either add 1:1 (v/v) glycerol, then aliquot and store at -20°C until use, or store aliquots at -80°C without additives.
Reconstitute immediately upon receipt! Avoid bright light when working with the antibody to minimize photo bleeching of the fluorescent dye.
Up to three months: -20°C
Up to 12 months: -80°C or below
Protect from light!
Immunoprecipitation (IP); Immunoisolation or pulldown of a target molecule using an antibody. For details and product specific hints, please refer to the ”Remarks” section.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">IP: N/A
Immunocytochemistry (ICC) on 4% PFA fixed cells. Immunoreactivity is usually revealed by fluorescence. Some antibodies require special fixation methods. For details, please refer to the “Remarks” section.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">ICC: 1 : 500
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) on 4% PFA perfusion fixed tissue with 24h PFA post fixation. Immunoreactivity is usually revealed by fluorescence or a chromogenic substrate. Some antibodies require special fixation methods or antigen retrieval steps. For details, please refer to the ”Remarks” section.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">IHC: not tested yet
Immunohistochemistry (IHC-P) of formalin fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue (some antibodies require special antigen retrieval steps, please refer to the ”Remarks” section). Immunoreactivity is usually revealed by fluorescence or a chromogenic substrate.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">IHC-P: not tested yet
Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS); usually cells are fluorescently labeled with antibodies against cell-surface antigens followed by cell-sorter analysis.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">FACS: yes
|Label||Alexa 647, two fluorophores coupled to two FluoTags each|
|Immunogen||Recombinant protein corresponding to AA 1 to 238 from jellyfish GFP (UniProt Id: P42212)|
|Specificity||Recognizes GFP (green fluorescent protein) and common GFP derivatives like EGFP, mEGFP, Sirius, tSapphire, Cerulean, eCFP, mTurquoise, acGFP, Emerald, superecliptic pHluorin, paGFP, superfolder GFP, eYFP, mVenus and Citrine|
Green fluorescent protein GFP and its derivates have become very popular and universal tools in cell biology. It is a monomeric and fast maturating protein with high photostability. Due to its sensitivity to pH changes it can be used as a biological pH indicator.
Unlabeled variants and several modifications of sdAbs like biotin, fluorophore or DBCO conjugation are available.
In FluoTag®-Q each fluorophore is coupled to exactly one FluoTag, which in turn binds to its target molecule in a monovalent fashion. The high binding affinity and a coupling efficiency of > 95% guarantees a highly linear relation between the number of target molecules and the intensity of fluorescence. This enables a direct count of the target molecule of interest. The fluorophore is located exceptionally close to the recognized epitope (< 1.5 nm), which is ideal for all microscopy techniques.
In FluoTag®-X two fluorophore molecules are site-specifically coupled to each FluoTag molecule. Therefore, the reagent simultaneously targets up to four fluorophores (in X4 variants) to the protein of interest, which ensures extra-bright signals. Owing to the small size of the FluoTags, the distance between the target epitope and each fluorophore is ~ 3 nm.
In comparison to detection systems using conventional antibodies, FluoTag-X can thus improve the localization accuracy by 10-15 nm. Both features - superior brightness and precise fluorophore placement - render the FluoTag-X products excellent tools for all microscopy techniques.