|Cat. No. 302 011||
100 µg purified IgG, lyophilized. Albumin and azide were added for stabilization. For reconstitution add 100 µl H2O to get a 1mg/ml solution in PBS. Then aliquot and store at -20°C to -80°C until use.
Antibodies should be stored at +4°C when still lyophilized. Do not freeze!
Immunoprecipitation (IP); Immunoisolation or pulldown of a target molecule using an antibody. For details and product specific hints, please refer to the ”Remarks” section.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">IP: not tested yet
Immunocytochemistry (ICC) on 4% PFA fixed cells. Immunoreactivity is usually revealed by fluorescence. Some antibodies require special fixation methods. For details, please refer to the “Remarks” section.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">ICC: 1 : 200 up to 1 : 500 gallery
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) on 4% PFA perfusion fixed tissue with 24h PFA post fixation. Immunoreactivity is usually revealed by fluorescence or a chromogenic substrate. Some antibodies require special fixation methods or antigen retrieval steps. For details, please refer to the ”Remarks” section.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">IHC: 1 : 500 gallery
Immunohistochemistry (IHC-P) of formalin fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue (some antibodies require special antigen retrieval steps, please refer to the ”Remarks” section). Immunoreactivity is usually revealed by fluorescence or a chromogenic substrate.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">IHC-P: 1 : 1000 gallery
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); a frequently employed method to quantify target-molecules in solution. The detection of some proteins requires special solubilization steps. For further information, please refer to the „Remarks“ section.', $event)" style="cursor: help;">ELISA: yes
|Subtype||IgG1 (κ light chain)|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the c-terminus of human Glu-α-tubulin. (UniProt Id: Q71U36)|
Epitop: AA 448 to 450 from human Glu-α-tubulin (UniProt Id: Q71U36)
Reacts with: human (Q71U36), rat (P68370), mouse (P68369), zebrafish, eukaryotes, other vertebrates.
Other species not tested yet.
Detects also cilia of Paramecium.
|Specificity||Specific for detyrosinated α-tubulin (glu-tubulin) and polyglutamylated tubulin (also β-tubulin). No cross reaction to tyrosinated tubulin.|
WB: Tween 20 (other detergents not yet tested) should not be added to the blocking and washing solution. It greatly diminishes the intensity of the signal.
Microtubules are involved in a wide variety of cellular activities ranging from mitosis and transport events to cell movement and the maintainance of cell shape.
Tubulin itself is a globular protein which consists of two polypeptides, α-tubulin and β-tubulin. α- and β-tubulin dimers are assembled to 13 protofilaments that form a microtubule of 22 nm diameter. Tyrosine ligase ads a C-terminal tyrosin to monomeric α-tubulin.
Assembled microtubules can again be detyrosinated by a cytoskeleton associated carboxypeptidase. Detyrosinated α-tubulin is referred to as Glu-α-tubulin. Another post-translational modification of detyrosinated α-tubulin is C-terminal polyglutamylation which is characteristic for microtubules in neuronal cells and the mitotic spindle. A third variant of detyrosinated α-tubulin is Δ2-tubulin which lacks the C-terminal glutamic acid. It cannot be tyrosinated by tyrosine ligase and is one of the dominant α-tubulin isoforms in neurons.